Mourning Notre Dame

by Deana Chadwell4/15/19
The news this morning that the Notre Dame Cathedral was on fire knocked the breath out of me. I was amazed at my emotional reaction to the destruction of a building I’ve never visited, a building created by the corrupt medieval Roman Catholic church, a building so old that it should be irrelevant – but it isn’t.  We’re all heartbroken. Why?

Notre Dame lives in us all. It is romance, danger, and transcendence. It is there as a backdrop for many of the movies, of the plays, of the novels we’ve loved. I can still access the corner of my brain where Quasimodo is laboring up the bell tower steps. It stands tall in the background of Les Miserables, of The Tale of Two Cities, of Le Crime de Sylvester Bonnard – the first book I read in French.

That takes me back to my high school days and my eccentric, Francophile French teacher whose main curriculum was showing us 3-D color slides of Paris. She’d make us turn in our seats so that we were oriented in the proper direction as we gazed at the shots of the Eiffel Tower, the Bastille, and of course and most often Notre Dame. It sits there as the literal crossroads of France. All distances are measured from a ground-zero plaque on the pavement in front of the cathedral. That place is literally the center of all that is French.

It stands as a monument to Christianity and its foundational role in the stabilization of medieval Europe. It embodies reverence for tradition, for art, for innovation, for beauty, for holiness. It houses nine bells in its almost-twin towers and the lightning rod on the spire – now totally destroyed – held relics from St. Denis and St. Genevieve – Paris’ patron saints. I don’t even believe in patron saints, let alone relics, but I mourn the loss of those tiny bits history.  (

History – time — is a most frustrating dimension. We retain so little of the past, even though we have this sensation that it’s important, foundational. We have history books, but they tell us little about the daily lives of those who have gone before, of the millions of souls who have knelt in prayer on Notre Dame’s stone floor.  The computer age makes it possible for us to fanatically keep records, but those are more numerical than personal and contain little of what moves us, what worries us, or what brings us joy. One can, however, stand in the midst of such a cathedral, gaze up at its gothic-arch roof and its story-telling stained-glass windows and know that such a building does address those issues. It is three-dimensional time travel, and this fire has just closed that portal.

It is also a peek at devotion, at long-term commitment. The construction of Notre Dame began in 1160 with the demolition of an older church on that site. It wasn’t completed until the 14th century when flying buttresses were added to the apse and choir. We can barely grasp, in our whiz-bang, instant-everything society what it must be like to start building something that won’t be finished for 200 years, to work at completing something that was begun by people long dead. The building was a monument to a slower, more patient, more self-less life.

It also memorialized a worldview where God was everywhere and always had been. That God had power over every aspect of life and one couldn’t just ignore Him. There He was in that magnificent building that quite insistently pointed upward toward heaven. It was still standing, patiently aimed skyward during the French Revolution and its attendant blood bath. It lived through two world wars. But now, with all of the west struggling to hold onto its meaning and its place in the world, Notre Dame burns.

We know that Europe is in terrible trouble. It is no longer replacing its population –except for the influx of anti-Christian, anti-Semitic Muslim refugees. We know its cathedrals sit mostly empty for mass. We know that most of Europe bows to government, but no longer to the church. France is fraught with violent behavior from those it has tried to help, and by taxes that are draining its economy. And Europe, including Great Britain, is America’s mother. Europe is family. I can trace my lineage back to a watchmaker in Switzerland in the 16th century, a maid from Copenhagen, and to a tailor from Czechoslovakia. Most of us come from Europe and those homelands caught on fire this morning. It isn’t just the loss of an old building, but the loss of our beginnings. Notre Dame stood proud and tall to remind us of that.

But she has been dealt a mortal blow. She may be repairable, but she is not replaceable. The craftsmanship that laboriously built her is no longer available and no one today wants to wait 200 years.  It’s as if all those centuries have been erased.

This fire reminds us that even the most permanent human accomplishments aren’t permanent at all. Even the best we can build can be destroyed. We will be waiting to see what or who caused this disaster, but we also know that we may not be told the truth.

Deana Chadwell blogs at She is also an adjunct professor at Pacific Bible College in southern Oregon. She teaches writing and public speaking.
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Deana Chadwell

About Deana Chadwell

I have spent my life teaching young people how to read and write and appreciate the wonder of words. I have worked with high school students and currently teach writing at Pacific Bible College in southern Oregon. I have spent more than forty years studying the Bible, theology, and apologetics and that finds its way into my writing whether I'm blogging about my experiences or my opinions. I have two and a half moldering novels, stacks of essays, hundreds of poems, some which have won state and national prizes. All that writing -- and more keeps popping up -- needs a home with a big plate glass window; it needs air; it needs a conversation. I am also an artist who works with cloth, yarn, beads, gourds, polymer clay, paint, and photography. And I make soap.
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40 Responses to Mourning Notre Dame

  1. Timothy Lane says:

    A great loss, though not a total one. Much of the interior, including its large cross, have survived so far. So has the bell tower. Much statuary had been removed during the current renovation and is thus safe, and we’ll have to see how much of the rest can be recovered. Macron already is talking about rebuilding it.

    But it won’t be the same, even if they make it look like the original. And who knows, maybe Mark Steyn will be right and it gets rebuilt as a mosque, not a cathedral. For that matter, no one yet knows why and how the fire got started. Accident, or arson? And if the latter, was it terrorism? Hopefully we’ll learn soon.

    • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

      A great loss, though not a total one. Much of the interior, including its large cross, have survived so far

      Much will depend on what treasures had been removed for the recent renovations. One thing which is irreplaceable is the stained glass. I have been in a number of German/Austrian cathedrals which were badly damaged during the War. All were beautifully rebuilt, but only a few have the old stained glass and this only because someone was smart enough to have it removed before Allied bombs destroyed it.

      I have been inside Notre Dame and walked around it a number of times. It is more than a church, it lies on the Ile de la Cite’ and is the heart of Paris. Some would say the heart of France.

      For that matter, no one yet knows why and how the fire got started? Accident, or arson? And if the latter, was it terrorism? Hopefully we’ll learn soon.

      If they indeed have it, I have serious doubts that the government would release information pointing to Muslim participation in the destruction of Notre Dame. Especially before the May elections for the European Parliament. It would give the National Front a huge boost. Such information would, in effect, help speed the demise of the EU, or at least help bring about Brexit which will be the death knell of the EU.

      I do find it a little strange that ISIS or some other group of Islamic scoundrels haven’t claimed responsibility. Such low-lives generally come out claiming ownership of just about every mishap that takes place in Europe.

      I just read Dennis Prager’s piece on the burning of Notre Dame. It touches on similar points as Deana’s piece and is worth reading.

      • Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

        I’ve read that there were some heroic efforts to save some treasures. And it’s a realistic state of affairs to expect that we cannot be expected to get reliable information about the cause of the fire from either the French government or the media. It’s quite possible that cause is the French civil service (or whoever was working on the renovations). But it could have been an act of Islamic terror as well.

        One thing worth noting is that it’s possible (in fact, likely) that there is a computerized 3D image (complete measurements, etc.) of the cathedral, inside and out. I read an article the other day about a technique used for not only helping in restoration of old buildings but as a way to sort of back-up historic landmarks should earthquakes or whatever damage them.

        There is no doubt that, historically, this fire would have been highly symbolic. Whether it’s viewed that way today is doubtful, even among the faithful. But we have an anti-pope at the moment. Atheism is running rampant in Europe even while they open the gates to hordes of Muslim barbarians. There is certainly a test coming in terms of whether there will be the human will to rebuild.

        Fire the existing pope and I’ll write a check for fifty dollars right now. But I won’t dump good money after bad into the currently rotten project of the Catholic Church. Expect this foul man to “never letter a crisis go to waste.”

  2. Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

    I agree 100%. Had you included something like “Although we don’t yet know the cause of the fire, we should still keep at least 50 cruise missiles on hand targeted for Mecca” then it would have been 110%.

    That general agreement with the subject matter aside, I want one and all to note that this is how to write an essay. There are four or five sentences that are outstanding such as “and this fire has just closed that portal.”

    The essay gives a broad sweep but does not get lost in naval-gazing philosophy. It includes enough lovely facts collated in a comprehensible and meaningful way. And I love the personal touch of the story about the Francophile teacher who would make the class orient toward the places being shown in the color slides.

    Most of the conservative web is infected either by rants pretending to be thoughtful essays or intellectualoidism pretending to be nothing more than smarter-than-thou. Most leave me cold. Nearly all aren’t worth the paper they are printed on.

    This, folks, is how it is done. I hate to set myself up as final arbiter of all this, but someone must. Well done, Deana. And the only point I can add is that Christianity has been a house-on-fire for some time in Europe. This seems like a symbolic example that has either mystical origins or is just coincidental. And I’m not sure which.

  3. Brad — thank you, thank you. I’m so glad you like it. I do agree about the cruise missiles — I’d lay odds this was an Islamist move — Easter week and all. It makes me so angry — the whole of civilization just had its foundations shaken — granted, just symbolically, but symbols are important. Thanks again for the compliment. d

    • David Ray says:

      Anyone else hear of some ass trying to enter an old church in New Jersey with two cans of gasoline?
      (He’s either a leftist or Islamist. I can tell because the news is maintaining radio silence.)

      I still remember when a left-wing atheist walked in to a Christian art center here in Dallas. He started a fire and destroyed many of the paintings, including a famed work depicting Pentecost.
      The press could’ve cared less.

      • Timothy Lane says:

        I discussed the would-be firebomber at (currently) the end of the comments.

        Elizabeth and I visited a religious art museum in Dallas back in 1997 (I think). That very likely is the one the atheist attacked. If you recall the name, I will probably recognize it if it was. We also visited a pair of adjacent Fort Worth art museums later that day. One specialized in Western art (as in Frederick Remington). My favorite piece there was one by Albert Bierstadt of a lighted valley (superb effects).

        Incidentally, there’s further news from Notre Dame de Paris. A trio of beehives on one of the rooftops, carrying 60,000 bees each (known as the Lady’s Bees, naturally) survived. Many were seen swarming on a gargoyle, so at least some of those also survived. The link is:

        • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

          I guess you visited the Kimball and Amon Carter Museums in Fort Worth.

          People are surprised at the quality of art which these museums display. I visited a number of excellent exhibitions in Fort Worth. One was by Monet and the other by Turner. Both were outstanding.

          I believe one of these two has a very good oil painting of a youngish Washington in uniform.

  4. Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

    Dennis Prager also noted the symbolic aspect of this fire, no matter its source: Notre Dame: An Omen

    Several years ago I read Ken Follett’s The Pillars of the Earth. This is a very historical novel that gives you an idea of how they lived in 12th century England. The focus of the book is the building of a cathedral in the fictional town of Kingsbridge.

    Rather than the dishonest sob stories about how these great creations were a drain on the poor, it’s clear to see in this novel that it’s the poor, in particular, who wanted them. They were a beacon in a world of filth, and barbarity. And given the technical aspects as well as the all-encompassing effort, these constructions were the moonshots of their time. And that time, as Deana and Lowry noted, could be measured in centuries.

    It’s difficult in our immediate-gratification culture to imagine such enthusiasm (and money) put toward on ongoing project that most would not see finished.

    Notre Dame is French for “Our Lady.” One can suppose the Catholics put too much emphasis on the Blessed Virgin Mary, almost replacing Jesus and God with her. But loving veneration of this kind, although it may have its flaws, is a cut above our current crass culture which venerates things that are abhorrent and gross. Let us weep for Our Lady, for anyone who does not wish to live as a barbarian should see in this fire not the damaging of an old museum but the gutting of a moral moonshot.

    • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

      I am glad you mentioned Follett’s “The Pillars of the Earth” as I think it is necessary for us to try and understand the history behind such edifices. Follett called the construction of these magnificent Gothic cathedrals, the space program of the high Middle Ages.

      This must be put into context. Western Europe was moving out of the extremely violent ninth and tenth centuries. Technology was improving and the builders of these monuments were the skilled elite who turned their talents to creation for the praise of God. Notre Dame was no Tower of Babel rather an attempt to glorify God with the greatest gift of talent and creativity that mankind could muster.

      Older cathedrals and churches were dark places, but the new Gothic cathedrals let in God’s light which was made even more glorious with the beautiful stained glass windows. Worshippers’ eyes moved up to heaven, they were inspired by the beauty of what man could create in God’s name.

      I believe Notre Dame and other such architectural wonders are the greatest single physical manifestation of the Western project. Reason combined with faith which is Christianity.

      • Timothy Lane says:

        Chartres is another good example, and when I was studying French seemed to be as highly regarded as Notre Dame de Paris itself. There was also the Benedictine Abby of Monte Cassino before it was blasted by heavy bombers during World War II at the behest of Francis Tuker of the 4th Indian Division. I would think Westminster Abbey and St. Paul’s in London rank up there, too. There were many cathedrals built in that era, and some still remain.

        • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

          Chartres is another good example, and when I was studying French seemed to be as highly regarded as Notre Dame de Paris itself.

          You are correct. There were several questions regarding Chartres included in my art history exam when I was studying in Vienna. More questions than on Notre Dame.

      • Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

        Well said, Mr. Kung.

  5. Timothy Lane says:

    As KFZ and I discussed on “Breaking News”, Hot Air reported this morning on much of what has been saved. This included the altar with the great cross above, the Rose Windows (3 original stained glass windows), the crown of thorns, and some other things. The fire has been put out, and 3 French billionaires have already pledged $340 million for reconstruction, which will probably be able to make use of what’s left of the original structure.

    The fire started in the attic with all its old, dry timbers. Currently it’s believed to be an accident, but I suspect many of us will always wonder. The link is:

    • Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

      That’s good news. But we need more than billionaires. I want to see something world-wide (Christians, Jews, Catholics, Protestants…just any decent people), with everyman nickels and dimes, like the Pulitzer-lead effort to build the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty.

  6. Rosalys says:

    My hope would be for them to stabilize what is left of Notre Dame, and leave it as a monument. The faith that permeated the civilization that built it, is no longer there. Despite our superior technology, it just wouldn’t be done right. And Macron’s declaration that, “We” (the French government?) “will rebuild,” just means that it will be rebuilt with post-modern, post-Christian sensibilities. It will be made into some tribute to an all encompassing, world religion, which will not glorify God, as was the original inspiration for all gothic architecture, but will glorify man.

    They were awfully quick to declare it an accident. Maybe it was, but a huge icon of Christianity and western civilization, burning at the beginning of Holy Week? This is where I don my tinfoil hat, but if this isn’t suspicious, it’s symbolically coincidental.

  7. Steve Lancaster says:

    Not to feed conspiracy theorists, but why is the news not talking about the terrorist attacts on Christian churches across France? French authorities have been weirdly silent about the attacks on Chaotic churches is the silence about possible arson due to defferance or fear?

    I don’t know the answers, but no one is asking the question.

    • Timothy Lane says:

      Incidentally, there have also been several recent burnings of black Baptist churches in Louisiana. The arsonist has been arrested, and turns out to be — a christophobic white paganist. He’s angry that blacks worship Jesus instead of traditional African tribal gods. After the Notre Dame disaster, someone started a GoFundMe page to rebuild those churches, which quickly collected $200,000, and probably more since then.

      • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

        a christophobic white paganist. He’s angry that blacks worship Jesus instead of traditional African tribal gods.


        Another nut.

        • Timothy Lane says:

          Be fair. He thinks whites should also worship their traditional pagan gods (he may be thinking Norse more than the Greco-Roman pantheon). He’s no racist, though it’s interesting that he burned down black rather than white or mixed-race churches. The old black churches are probably more likely to be wooden and thus easily burned down.

          But, yes, nuttier than a fruitcake. Even if he turns out to be one.

      • Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

        Here’s a Go Fund Me page for Notre Dame cathedral itself. It might not be the only one. This might not even be a legitimate one for all I know. How can one tell? But glad to hear that those black churches are receiving needed financial help to rebuild.

  8. Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

    The link is to an interesting article regarding the number of attacks on churches in France.

    Guess who is behind these attacks? Surprise, surprise, surprise. As I said before, there is little chance that the French government would tell the public if the Notre Dame fire was started by a Muslim.

    • Timothy Lane says:

      I hadn’t realized that the problem was so extensive, but it doesn’t surprise me. A lot of this is probably perpetrated by militant atheists, as also happens here. But I suspect most of the thugs are jihadists, who are protected (as the Muslim rapists of Rotherham were) by government and media dhimwits. Go Le Pen!

      • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

        The European Union must be smashed to smithereens if the Islamification of Europe is to be avoided.

        This is one reason to pray for Brexit.

        I understand from a friend that the right-wing populist parties are expected to do very well in the upcoming European Parliament elections in May.

    • David Ray says:

      Mark Steyn notes in his book “After America” the voluminous acts of graffiti on statues, fountains, famous buildings, etc.

      Some are by leftists; some are by Islamists. The local authorities are indifferent and some dipshit politicians refer to it as art.

      No wonder western culture is dying.

      • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

        The local authorities are indifferent and some dipshit politicians refer to it as art.

        If nothing is illegal, the crime rate goes down. The new D.A. in Dallas seems to hold this legal philosophy.

  9. Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

    If, for a couple of minutes, you want to take your mind off the decline of the West I recommend you listen to this wonderful piece from the movie “Sparticus.”*HzTv1paQdnj1CSb2PO7vF3fCuV!yYHhAhnePHcOLgAxWWfmX1MDPWLMX0YnWa2xYQTLFWAUDYLrjHvZatBkYqLZzw1zS0ATW&plvar=0&PC=HCTS&ru=%2fsearch%3fq%3dlove%2btheme%2bfrom%2bsparticus%26form%3dEDGEAR%26qs%3dPF%26cvid%3ddcd93da6656442f08ce4d7ea4dcbdd30%26cc%3dUS%26setlang%3den-US%26elv%3dAQj93OAhDTi*HzTv1paQdnj1CSb2PO7vF3fCuV%2521yYHhAhnePHcOLgAxWWfmX1MDPWLMX0YnWa2xYQTLFWAUDYLrjHvZatBkYqLZzw1zS0ATW%26plvar%3d0%26PC%3dHCTS&view=detail&mmscn=vwrc&mid=0546ABDDFE727A085B5D0546ABDDFE727A085B5D&FORM=WRVORC
    I cannot imagine them writing such film music again. There was something about the 1950s and early 1960s which brought movie themes to an artistic peak. I know John Williams has been popular over the last few decades, but I don’t think his stuff comes close to this.
    Sorry about the long link.

  10. Timothy Lane says:

    There have been some interesting reports in recent days. I mentioned the Louisiana church burnings and the capture of the (alleged) arsonist. In addition, readers most likely are aware of some other recent French church burnings. All of them Christian, of course; mosques for some strange reason are just about never at risk. It turns out that this is a much larger problem than anticipated. Burnings, vandalism, and desecration have happened at a couple thousand French churches in the past couple of years — on average more than two per day. Nor is the problem confined there; Germany has also seen a lot of it, though nowhere near as much as France.

    Where there are large Muslim communities in Christian nations, attacks on Jewish and Christian churches are frequent. Even a leftist newsliar can guess why, though they’d never admit it.

    Meanwhile, someone walked into St. Paul’s Cathedral in New York City with a couple of fuel cans, one full of gas, and lighting materials. He said his car had run out of fuel (it hadn’t, of course) and he was looking for a service station. Copy cat, perhaps? No doubt we’ll eventually find out who he is, and maybe even why he did it.

    • David Ray says:

      Nice post. I’ve heard about multiple gothic style churches also being burned/torn down in Kosovo.
      Guess that’s how the Muslim community thanks the west for taking out Milosevic. (Those mass graves never materialized like they did in Iraq, nor did Clinton secure authorization from Congress or his beloved UN, but what the hell.)

      • Timothy Lane says:

        I referred to that as the Kosovo Incident in deliberate imitation of the Japanese referring to their war in China as the China Incident.

  11. Timothy Lane says:

    Well, there’s more news. The Washington Post mentioned some French idiot who, though grateful that Notre Dame de Paris is being rebuilt because of 650 million euros in donations (mostly by French billionaires), thinks this may be “white privilege”. A leftist is only happy when he’s unhappy or (more likely) outraged.

    He does give some examples, none of which involve century-old black Baptist churches in Louisiana. One is the Middle Eastern losses at the expense of ISIS (e.g., Palmyra). He evidently can’t see why people might do rebuilding ancient edifices in a war zone in which one side would happily destroy the rebuilt sites. In any case, there are plenty of Arab billionaires who could contribute to rebuild Palmyra et al if they wanted to.

    The same thing is true of his other example, the Brazilian National Museum, founded in 1808, which burned down last year and has received only 15 million euros toward rebuilding it. There are a lot of Brazilian billionaires, too. If they don’t want to donate anything, that is no criticism of the French.

    Perhaps “white privilege” really reflects the fact that French billionaires are willing to rebuild Notre Dame de Paris, whereas Arab billionaires have no interest in rebuilding Palmyra and Brazilian billionaires don’t care to rebuild their National Museum. The link is:

    • Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

      Leftists, be they in the media or unions, are as predictable as Pavlov’s dog. “White privilege” is the new catch phrase which they have been told to use and sure as God made little green apples the lefties say”arf, arf.”

      A note of good news re Notre Dame, is that it appears they saved most of the important art work from the fire.

  12. Timothy Lane says:

    It’s not quite the same thing, but a series of bombings of churches and hotels in Sri Lanka have killed (as of the latest report) over 200 people (they hit during Easter sunlight services). Wherever there are Muslims, infidels will always be at serious risk.

  13. Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

    Just FYI, Victor Davis Hanson has a good article on the subject that meshes well with what Deana wrote: The Cathedral: Mirror of the West, Then and Now

    A great take-away line from this is:

    Our legacy is not spires or stained glass but nocturnal ropes around the necks of the bronze statues of dead people and the defacement or removal of names. In the inconsistency of our targeting, we lack even the uniform nihilism of the iconoclasts or the French Revolution mobs. Youth today pick and choose which hero of the past goes to the contemporary guillotine based not on recalibrating his shortcomings as modern sins, but on whether his Trotskyized disappearance will affect their own careerist interests.

    Does that doofus from the New York Yankees come to mind who banned Kate Smith’s “God Bless America”? We need to financially and socially punish these kinds of culture goons.

    Bashing is easy (thus my warnings about getting lost in The Daily Drama). Building something takes more:

    Instead, the contemporary West is in an age not of builders but dismantlers. We topple statues by night and rename streets, squares, and buildings — now judged wanting by our postmodern, always metastasizing standards of race, class, and gender — to virtue-signal our angst over our preindustrial moral superiors. Most silently acknowledge that few of us could have endured the physical hardship, pain, or danger of guiding three tiny 15th-century caravels across the Atlantic or could have walked the length of California founding missions. Discovering the New World was difficult, but a dunce can topple Columbus’s statue. How many contemporary American monumental buildings will last for the next 800 years?

    • Timothy Lane says:

      That last question is a frightening one, given that this is how long Notre Dame de Paris lasted (which undoubtedly is why Prager phrased it that way). Personally, I doubt anything will last a century “if this goes on”. This is why I refer to leftists like that as the American Taliban — remembering the actual Taliban’s destruction of a pair of giant Buddhas in 2001, which at the time was considered monstrous. Today the left routinely does this sort of thing.

  14. Brad Nelson Brad Nelson says:

    I stopped by the local Catholic Church today in order to drop off a donation towards the rebuilding of Notre Dame. I figure they’d be doing something like that. But their office was closed and there was nowhere to leave anything.
    It’s actually a fairly large church as you can see here. I’d never been inside before…that I can remember. If you do the virtual tour, you can see that it’s actually very tastefully done. Not that I would have expected anything else. But it’s ornate without going overboard.

    The impulse is to protect and strengthen because we are under attack. I just would that the Church itself wasn’t so often a part of the problem. Not this Church. But having a Marxist pope is not a plus. Still….you take the good with the bad when the alternative is death, corruption, disease, and dissolution.

  15. Kung Fu Zu Kung Fu Zu says:

    A nice article about Notre Dame, its history, the vandals who want to modernize it and how it and other Gothic Cathedrals fit into our European heritage.

    • Timothy Lane says:

      I find it very telling that one leftist advocate of a modernist (i.e., ugly) new roof called for it on grounds of hate — to spite the “alt-right”, who are insignificant and might very well not care. How leftist.

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